Did you humans know this? We squirrels didn’t. But doing our bee research–actually trying to identify some bees–we learned that honeybees descended from wasps and they aren’t at all good at pollinating some vegetables that originated in North America, like blueberries!
Rather than chitter and chatter about these neat facts, we suggest you readers just go to the Native Bees of North America article on Bug Guide, especially if you have some of those ‘other’ bees and wasps hanging about your garden and want some confirmation they belong.
Or maybe you’d like to know what they are? We did.
Because wasps and hornets are the older species, it only seems right to let them go first. And stay a respectable distance away–this is all the closer Hickory wanted to get to this European Hornet.
When they are all black and yellow (or white!), how can you tell it’s a wasp and not a bee? Wasps have little or no hair on their bodies. Their legs hang down while they fly. And maybe you don’t want to get this close to look at one’s face…
but those are biting mouth parts, not sipping ones! Wasps and hornets eat other insects, which is a really good thing in the animal world! Even squirrels leap aside when we see that warning flash of yellow and black–a sting will hurt! But wasps kill and eat many harmful insects…insects that eat your human foods. Insects that eat our food! One tiny wasp feeds on the eggs of Gypsy Moths, which like to eat White Oak leaves, which harms our acorn supply!
You humans have probably all seen a paper wasp nest. Here are the paper wasps.
They live in colonies like honeybees do, and feed on caterpillars, flies and beetle larvae–all of which eat garden plants–so are a huge help to humans growing food.
Most wasps live alone. The potter wasp makes its own little home out of clay.
But they are really hard to find. (In other words, send us a photo if you have one to share!) Other bees hide over winter in hollow stems. You can help them by not cleaning up your yard too much. Or if you do cut those dried flower stalks, set them in a corner until spring warms up. Or consider making and maintaining a ‘bee hotel’.
No, it doesn’t need to have this many rooms, and yes, we mentioned maintaining. It’s not something you can just put up and leave alone, according to The Pollinator Garden. These insects can fall ill if the hotel becomes moldy, or is placed in a spot that gets too wet. This website offers detailed instructions, for both Britain Isles and North American species. Start with The Pollinator Garden’s Make A Bee Hotel guide for Britain, which has most of the details and valuable cautions and links, and look for the North American link at the bottom.
Wasps and hornets may scare you humans since you don’t have protective fur, but every species helps our natural world in some way, so we encourage you to give them a chance!